Saturday, May 23, 2020

Human Sex Trafficking Is an Epidemic Growing Worldwide

Human sex trafficking is an epidemic that has been continuously growing by the minute worldwide. And is the most common form of modern day slavery; slavery today and 200 years ago share the same notion. Around the world there are 12.3 million people being sold into the human sex trafficking industry(caeact.org). It mainly deals with women along with some men and young teens, typically young girls, who are around the age of 16 being used essentially as prostitutes and being sold to random people on the black market worldwide. This problem has grown tremendously over the years because it’s hard to catch those who are in charge of this business in the act especially when the business keeps getting bigger by the second. The policy problem with this policy issue is no one knows exactly who is a victim of human sex trafficking so it’s hard for authorities to spot him or her. Although there are programs that help authorities identify such victims the fact of the matter is t hose who are at the head of this ring are often more than one step ahead of everyone else. This problem typically exists most predominantly in areas such as Europe, France, and Africa. One of the main causes of this issue is the fact there are many helpless men and women in the street believing they have no other way to survive hence they are approached by criminals who are taking advantage of their vulnerability. By telling them about all the benefits they would receive by participating willingly inShow MoreRelatedThe Sex Trade: Slavery and Prostitution Essay1387 Words   |  6 Pages(Potocky, 2010). Sex trade is a global problem presently and will increase throughout the world if nothing is done to prevent and eliminate it. Sex slavery is a type of prostitution in which the trafficker’s make an increased profit through the solicitation of slaves. Sex trade will continue if nothing is done to prevent it globally. Lastly, in order for sex slavery to be abolished, interna tional governments will have to take action and support anti-sex trade. A future epidemic of women and childrenRead MoreHuman Trafficking Is A Dangerous Crime1616 Words   |  7 Pagespolitics. Some of our world’s problems go unnoticed. A problem that seems to go unnoticed that is a worldwide epidemic is human trafficking. Have you heard about human trafficking? Human trafficking is the illegal movement of people, typically for the purposes of forced labor or commercial sexual exploitation. Human trafficking is a horrible crime that more people need to be aware about. Human trafficking can be described as being a very secretive industry. No one knows what is going on behind the scenesRead MorePros And Cons Of Human Sex Trafficking1328 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Ronald Weitzer states that human sex trafficking is defined as â€Å"recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for a commercial sex act.† Adults who sell sex with the help of someone, are not reviewed as trafficking victims. For someone to be punished, the offense must include a severe form of trafficking, including a person under the age of eighteen years old who has been induced to perform a commercial sex act or an adult who has been induced by using forceRead MoreCambodia: A Place of Countless Struggles1545 Words   |  6 Pageseducation, abuse, and sexual trafficking consume most of Cambodia, and the government continues to let these issues flourish. One of the most prominent problems Cambodia battles with is the sex industry, with prostitution and trafficking rates skyrocketing. According to recent human trafficking statistics, an immense amount of victims are sexually trafficked and exploited in Cambodia each year, but 80% of victims are young women and girls (Bertone). While sex trafficking affects nearly every countryRead MoreThe Worlds Oldest Profession1574 Words   |  7 Pageslifestyle. In today’s society, sex sells. There are many factors that are making sex a commodity that can be bought or sold. There is a quote that states â€Å"Prostitution is the world s oldest profession†. Some find this statement true but there are many advocates groups who are fighting to end this profession. In this paper we will explore the history, the business side, the players who are involve in the world of prostitution and how it is related to sex trafficking. Also the different factors thatRead MoreHuman Trafficking And The Trafficking901 Words   |  4 PagesHuman Smuggling and trafficking continues to be a worldwide plague that has been, thus far been largely ignored by the international community. The paramount reason human trafficking and smuggling has festered and grown roots and spread globally. It started as a grassroots effort on the local level where women and girls (it affects boys as well) would be used and sold for sex. Eventually, greed and corruption ta gged along for the ride and at that point the crimes became an organized enterprise. AtRead MoreHuman Trafficking And The United States Essay1585 Words   |  7 Pagesto 50% of the human trafficking in the United States end up in prostitution, what is going on in these states. The over sexed country does not help to stop it when we constantly promote sex in almost every aspect of life. People are losing their life to find a way to get to the United States through different forms of smuggling. Are these the people that we should be letting get in this country? Right under our nose the women, girls are being coerced into prostitution, and sex slaves, furthermoreRead MoreBrenda Myers Powell And The Exploitation Of Prostitution929 Words   |  4 PagesYears of Prostitution: Prostitution has always been a worldwide problem especially in Chicago, Illinois. The exploitation of prostitution seems to be one of many serious issues in inner-city Chicago. Some may ask the question as to â€Å"what changes occur in a woman’s life to make her want to live this type of lifestyle?† Are prostitutes always the victim or do some control their work, and even enjoy sex? After experiencing human trafficking, drug addiction, and prostitution for 25 years of her teenageRead MoreHuman Trafficking Is A Hidden Crime1565 Words   |  7 PagesHuman trafficking are the illegal activity of people, usually for the purposes of obligatory workforce or commercial sexual abuse. In other words, it is also defined as a modern-day form of slavery involving the illegal occupation of persons for exploitation or sexual abuse. Human trafficking is a hidden crime as victims rarely try their best to seek help because of language problems, scared of the abuser and lack of l aw enforcement. Every year, millions of males, females, and youngsters are traffickedRead MoreHuman Trafficking : A Global Issue1280 Words   |  6 Pageslong ago in the 15th Century, after the Portuguese started exploring the coast of West Africa. It is now six centuries later and we as a human race still cannot say that slavery has ended. Since the onset of African slave trading, trafficking of women and children has since developed and atrociously branched into the trafficking of human organs as well as sex. It wasn t until several hundreds of years later that the Emancipation Proclamation would be created and signed. President Abraham Lincoln

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

America’s Failing Public Schools Charter Schools Are Not...

America’s Failing Public Schools: Charter Schools Are Not the Solution It was with wild fanfare that the state’s Republican legislature and Republican Governor enacted their reforms for the state’s public school system. Among the panaceas was charter schools, a ‘90s education fad that gives individual parents the right to send their children to state-approved public charter schools at public expense. Politicians reasoned that less-bureaucratic charter schools would teach students better than traditional public schools because charter schools wouldn’t be subject to the same mandates that the state had heaped upon public schools. Furthermore, traditional schools would be forced to compete with charter schools as they lured thousands†¦show more content†¦Charter schools are aimed at giving parents and educators greater freedom to design an educational program aimed at increasing student achievement, accounting for greater freedom of contract between not only parent and school but also school and state. There are a number of ways that charter schools give parents greater individual control over their childrens’ education. No longer is a child bound to attend a particular school based on the geographical location of his or her home. Parents have the freedom to select a charter school that they feel would best suit the needs of their children1. Parents also have a greater say in the affairs of charter schools compared to public schools. In many instances, parents serve on the â€Å"board of education† governing the charter school, a board whose context is determined by a school’s charter and not state law. This contrasts with the traditional public school board that is limited to seven members elected from the community-at-large, regardless of whether board members have children in school. Moreover, a charter school board is entirely occupied with the operations of just one school instead of an entire district. Charter school supporters argue that this leads to le ss bureaucracy and greater efficiency in creating school policy that ultimately benefits students. TheShow MoreRelatedEssay on America’s Children Deserve Charter Schools1544 Words   |  7 PagesAmerica’s education is failing, and serious reform is needed. The topic of education has been in the forefront over the last few decades. Many, including politicians have attempted to tackle what seemed to be a hopeless situation. With all the corruption and bureaucracy within the system, it is unlikely that this problem will be resolved anytime soon. However, there is hope amidst all this, and that is charter schools. Charter schools impact education by having passionate teachers who truly careRead MoreWe’ve Found Superman All of the facts point to one prevailing conclusion; America’s school system1300 Words   |  6 PagesWe’ve Found Superman All of the facts point to one prevailing conclusion; America’s school system is failing. No film makes this clearer than â€Å"Waiting for Superman,† directed by Davis Guggenheim. In the film, Guggenheim does not hold back in his onslaught of surprising, yet true, facts. Guggenheim points out that Americans are failing compared to the world in major areas of study, such as math and science. However, there is one place American children lead the world; Confidence. Guggenheim saysRead More`` Reign Of Error Is American Education For The Lives Of Our Children? Essay1247 Words   |  5 PagesDiane Ravitch, an â€Å"educational historian†, answers four questions in her book, Reign of Error. Is American education in crisis? Is American education failing or declining? What is the evidence for reform being promoted by the government and adopted by many states? What should we do to improve our schools and the lives of our children? According to Ravitch, the †Å"crisis† concerning American education is actually a myth. In this book, she addresses myth after myth providing adequate clarityRead MoreProblems in America Education3409 Words   |  14 Pagescurrent crisis is America’s failing education system. The United States has fallen behind many other developed nations when it comes to the quality of our children’s education. A good, strong education had been a crucial part of the American dream, so then why is that this problem is being ignored and allowed to continually worsen? School districts across the county are dealing with problems like lack of funding, low teacher salary, teachers unions, increasing class sizes, and failing test scores. ARead MoreInnovation – A Step by Step Solution to Improve Education Essay1045 Words   |  5 PagesStep Solution to Improve Education This week the media was full of stories about the outrage regarding the severe cuts California is undergoing in the area of public education funding. California currently ranks 49th out of the 50 states in public school performance K-12. Most people are understandably perplexed about how we will improve school performance and close the achievement gap if we keep cutting the funding? A bit of a chicken and egg dilemma. The failing of our public schoolsRead MoreInequality in Social Classes1668 Words   |  7 Pagesfurther widening the social class gap between the people at the top incomes and the less fortunate at the lower income. Listing several issues such as the deregulation in Wall Street, globalization, and even marriage, the author illustrates how America’s top one percent has caused the widening of the economic gap between the top and the rest of society. For instance, O’Brien presents marriage as a tool by â€Å"widening inequality today, and helping it wide tomorrow.†(O’Brien) Furthermore, he connectsRead MorePublic School System Essay3062 Words   |  13 PagesFebruary 06, 2012 Abstract The public school system in America is a topic that is surrounded by great debate. There are many questions that surround this topic. The research question for this paper was, is the public school system failing to prepare our children for the future? And, what solutions are available if the system is failing? The methodology the researcher used in this paper was literature review, and he also conducted an interview with someone working in the field. In this paperRead MoreThe Future of Education in America3160 Words   |  13 PagesPublic Policy Term Paper The Future of Education in America â€Å"We are now taking the lead because for too long the public school system in Camden has failed its children†, exclaimed Chris Christie, the standing Governor of New Jersey. On the one hand, The New Jersey Public School System was awarded number 1 as the best system in the nation by 2012 Education State Ranking (Morgan, 2011). Yet on the other, only 2 percent of the graduates from Camden High School scored high enough on the SAT’s toRead MorePublic Sector Reformation through Education2660 Words   |  11 PagesI. Summary of Article The best but the hardest path to reforming the public sector is through education (The Economist Magazine 2011). America has a lot to learn from the results and implications of the 2000 survey and list of countries with the most improved education systems by the Programme for International Student Assessment or PISA. The performance of academic students at age 15 in reading, math and science was surveyed in 32 countries. According to the 2009 results, the top 5 performersRead MoreHow to Improve the Eduacation System in America2457 Words   |  10 Pagescondition and availability of resources at a school can play a major factor. A number of studies have shown that many school systems, particularly those in urban and high-poverty areas, are plagued by decaying buildings that threaten the health, safety, and learning opportunities of students. Good facilities appear to be an important precondition for student learning, provided that other conditions are present that support a strong a cademic program in the school. A growing body of research has linked student

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Design of Carburetors for Aircraft Application Free Essays

Introduction A carburetor is a constituent or device which largely used on reciprocating or Piston engine. They are an of import device which mixed or blends fuel and air for an internal burning of the engine. Internal burning engine refers to an engine in which burning is intermittent such as the more familiar four and two stroke Piston engines along with the discrepancies such as six stroke Piston engine. We will write a custom essay sample on Design of Carburetors for Aircraft Application or any similar topic only for you Order Now Carburetors are classified as updraft or downdraft depending on the way of the air flow through the device. Most carburetors are the updraft type. All carburetors meter fuel and atomise it into the air to do a combustible mixture. In theory, the fuel/air mixture making each cylinder is indistinguishable in volume and ingestion. In world, both the volume and composing vary because the different distances travelled through the initiation manifold and force per unit areas exerted by the fumes system. Aircraft APPLICATIONS New category of jobs for both engine and carburetor interior decorators created during the first aircraft engines, outside of those surface-bound vehicles. The chief complications were the deficiencies of apprehension of the temperature, force per unit area, air denseness, humidness, in add-on the velocity that these influence alterations while in flight. During 1918, the Bureau of Standards for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics accomplished a series of engine public presentation trials. The intent was to find the fluctuation in atmospheric force per unit area and temperature at assorted highs above the earth’s surface, with the alterations in public presentation ensuing from the variables within the carburetor itself and particular orientation to the variables impacting the operation of the carburetor. The study, published as Technical Report No. 48 in the NACA Fourth Annual Report, titled Carburetting Conditions Characteristics of Aircraft Engines, by Percival S. Tice. This work resulted in the undermentioned illations: The mixture ratio ( air/fuel ratio ) should be changeless at all heights for maximal power at all degrees. A alteration in fuel viscousness due to temperature alteration may be an of import metering feature of the carburetor. Constantly, there is wasted fuel when the carburetor does non rectify for barometric alterations. Heating of the fuel–air mixture causes a power loss accompanied by an addition in the specific fuel ingestion, with the available fuels. A 2nd probe made by the Bureau of Standards between October 1919, and May 1923, reported in the tenth NACA Annual Report of 1924 as Technical Report No. 189, Relation of Fuel–air Ratio on Engine Performance, by Stanwood W. Sparrow, replies to the undermentioned inquiries: What fuel–air ratio gives maximal power? Does a alteration in air force per unit area or temperature, such as those encountered in flight, impact the value of this ratio appreciably? What per centum of its maximal power does an engine develop when supplied with a mixture giving minimal specific fuel ingestion? The study concluded that: With gasolene as the fuel, fuel–air mixtures from 0.07 to 0.08 lbs fuel per pound. of air consequences in maximal power. Maximal power is obtained when about the same ratio is obtained over the scope of air force per unit areas and temperatures encountered in flight. Decreasing the fuel content of the charge until the power is 95 % of its maximal value provides the best specific fuel ingestion. Principle The carburetor works on Bernoulli ‘s rule which is the faster the air moves, the inactive force per unit area will be lower while the dynamic force per unit area will be higher. The accelerator or gas pedal linkage does non command the flow of liquid fuel straight. As an option, they really actuates the carburetor mechanisms which will meter the flow of the air as they were being pulled into the engine. Once carburetors are used on aircraft with reciprocating engines, characteristics and particular designs are required to forestall from fuel famishment during an upside-down flight. Most manufactured carburetted as opposed to fuel-injected engines have a similar consumption manifold that transports and divides the fuel and air mixture to the consumption valves and a individual carburetor. Older engines used updraft carburetors, where the air enters from below the carburetor and exits through the top of the carburetor. This gives rather a good advantage of ne’er â€Å" deluging † the engine, as any fuel droplets would fall out of the carburetors alternatively of into the consumption manifold ; it besides lent itself to utilize of an oil bath air cleansing agent, where a pool of oil below a mesh component below the carburetor is sucked up into the mesh and the air is drawn through the oil-covered mesh ; this was an effectual system in a clip when paper air filters did non be. Get downing in the late 1930s, downdraft carburetors were the most popular type for automotive usage in the United States. In Europe, the side bill of exchange carburetors replaced downdraft as free infinite in the engine bay decreased and the usage of the SU-type carburetor ( and similar units from other makers ) increased. Some little propeller-driven aircraft engines still use the updraft carburetor design. Outboard motor carburetors are typically side bill of exchange, because they must be stacked one on top of the other in order to feed the cylinders in a vertically oriented cylinder block. The chief disadvantage of establishing a carburettor’s operation on Bernoulli ‘s Principle is that, being a fluid dynamic device, the force per unit area decrease in a Venturi tends to be relative to the square of the consumption air velocity. The fuel jets are much smaller and limited chiefly by viscousness, so that the fuel flow tends to be relative to the force per unit area difference. So jets sized for full power tend to hunger the engine at lower velocity and portion accelerator. Most normally this has been corrected by utilizing multiple jets. In SU and other movable jet carburetors, it was corrected by changing the jet size. For cold starting, a different rule was used in multi-jet carburetors. A flow resisting valve called a choking coil, similar to the accelerator valve, was placed upstream of the chief jet to cut down the consumption force per unit area and suck extra fuel out of the jets. Carburetor Carburetors are classified as updraft or downdraft depending on the way air flows through the device. Most carburetors are the updraft type. All carburetors meter fuel and atomise it into the air to do a combustible mixture. In theory, the fuel/air mixture making each cylinder is indistinguishable in volume and composing. In world, both the volume and composing vary because of the different distances travelled through the initiation manifold and force per unit areas exerted by the fumes system. Principles OF CARBURETTORS VENTURI img alt="C:UsershelmyDesktopassignment" ghani="" next="" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/aaimagestore/essays/0968154.001.jpg" submit="" venturi.jpg="" week=""img alt="" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/aaimagestore/essays/0968154.002.png"All carburetors depend on the differential force per unit area created by a Venturi to meter the proper sum of fuel for a volume of air. When air flows through a Venturi, its velocity additions while both force per unit area and temperature lessening. To command the volume of air that passes through a Venturi, all carburetors are equipped with a throttle valve. The throttle valve ( or butterfly valve ) is a pilot-controllable restrictor home base installed between the Venturi and the engine. When the accelerator valve is to the full opened ( parallel to the air flow ) , the maximal volume of air and fuel enter the engine. In this instance, the lone constituent that limits the volume of air come ining the engine is the Venturi. However, as the accelerator valve is moved to its closed place ( perpendicular to the air flow ) less air is admitted and engine power is reduced. The size and form of the Venturi is designed for the demands of the engine. Carburetors on similar engines might look to be indistinguishable, but the size of the Venturi could be different. Always guarantee that you are put ining the right device on an engine. Figure 1 shows when the accelerator valve is parallel to the air flow, the maximal volume of air and fuel enters the engine. When the accelerator valve is near perpendicular to the air flow, less air and fuel enter the engine. THE SYSTEMS OF CARBURETTOR To supply an engine with the necessary fuel for proper operation under assorted engine tonss, velocities, and air densenesss, most carburetors include the undermentioned five systems: Main metering Idling Mixture control Accelerating Power enrichment or economiser The building and rule of operation of each of these systems varies depending on the type of carburetor. The undermentioned subjects describe each system in relation to its usage in float-type and pressure-injection carburetors. The size and form of the Venturi is designed for the demands of the engine. Carburetors on similar engines might look to be indistinguishable, but the size of the Venturi could be different. Always guarantee that you are put ining the right device on an engine. THE FLOAT-TYPE CARBURETORS The float-type carburetor is named after the constituent used to modulate the fuel that enters the carburetor. Fuel is stored in a float chamber, the sum controlled by a float-operated needle valve installed in the fuel recess. As fuel enters the chamber, the float rises and the needle valve begins to shut. After the fuel reaches an established degree, the place of the float wholly closes the needle valve and the flow of fuel Michigans. img alt="_Pic4" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/aaimagestore/essays/0968154.003.jpg"The carburetor float is typically constructed of brass or a composite stuff. Brass floats are hollow, and the air sealed indoors provides perkiness. A composite float can be hollow or solid. When the float solid, air trapped in the pores of the composite stuff provides perkiness. img alt="" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/aaimagestore/essays/0968154.004.png"img alt="" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/aaimagestore/essays/0968154.005.png"As the volume of fuel alterations in a float chamber, the volume of air besides changes. A blowhole maintains ambient force per unit area in the float chamber as the fuel degree rises and falls. All float Chamberss are vented to ambient force per unit area. In figure 2, the float carburetors store a measure of fuel in a float chamber. The sum of fuel in the float chamber is controlled by a float-actuated needle valve. img alt="C:UsershelmyDesktopassignment" and="" as="" below="" bowl="" by="" discharge="" fuel="" ghani="" h..jpg="" identified="" in="" is="" jet="" level="" main="" metering="" next="" note="" nozzle="" nozzle.="" opening="" slightly="" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/aaimagestore/essays/0968154.006.jpg" submit="" that="" the="" week=""/ Figure 3 The figure 3 above visualize of the Float Level, Main Metering Jet and Discharge Nozzle. Please be reminded that the fuel degree in the fuel bowl is somewhat below the fuel discharge nozzle gap and is identified by the missive ‘h’ . THE BASIC AIRCRAFT FUEL SYSTEM The fuel circuit includes the parts and shrieking necessary to present fuel to the carburetor fuel recess, at the proper force per unit area and volume. The fuel admitted through the float-type carburetor recess valve is reduced to atmospheric force per unit area as the fuel bowl blowhole to the air recess canal. img aircraft="" alt="C:UsershelmyDesktopassignment" fuel="" ghani="" next="" src="https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/aaimagestore/essays/0968154.007.jpg" submit="" system.jpg="" week=""/ Figure 4 As the fuel bowl fills, the float rises with the fuel degree until the fuel degree in the fuel bowl is somewhat below the degree of the discharge nose and one time at the right degree, the float is high plenty to shut the recess valve, halting fuel flow into the carburetor at a precise tallness. This prevents fuel leaks into the consumption manifold when the engine is non running. Fuel can non come in the consumption system unless consumption manifold suction is sufficiently strong plenty to raise the fuel up to the tallness of the discharge nozzle gaps. On its manner to the discharge nose, extra jets control the rate of fuel flow and force per unit area, as necessary. The bead in fuel force per unit area through the recess valve classifies the valve as a jet. MAIN METERING OF FLOAT TYPE CARBURETTOR The chief metering system supplies the engine with the right sum of fuel for all velocities above idle. The system consists of one or more venturi tubings, the chief metering jet and discharge noses, and the throttle valve. Fuel metering begins at the Venturi. In some carburetors, a individual Venturi is deficient to make an equal force per unit area bead to meter fuel. In this instance, a encouragement Venturi is installed frontward of the primary Venturi. The discharge nozzle delivers fuel from the float chamber to the consumption air. For an engine at remainder, the fuel in the discharge nose is even with the degree in the float chamber. In most instances, the fuel degree is about 1/8 inch below the gap of the discharge nose. This distance is referred to as the fuel metering caput and is designed to forestall fuel from leaking from the carburetor when the engine is non runing. 1 How to cite Design of Carburetors for Aircraft Application, Essay examples

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Witness Key Scene Analysis free essay sample

Key Scenes Barn Scene Low light is used in the scene in which John Book fixes his car, emitted by a gas lamp, which is the only source of light. This gives an air of intimacy. It gives the effect to the audience of comfort. The song â€Å"Golden Oldie† is played when Book manages to fix the car. The song’s tone is quite joyous and this is effects the audience’s understanding of the tone of the scene. This is also shown through the fact that both Rachel and Book are happy. It is also the first scene when Rachel is shown to be having fun. The headlights of the car are turned on as Book and Rachel dance. This is done to show the growing relationship of the two, through the dimness getting brighter. This is a symbol. The rhythm of the song is rather slow and the tone is reflective. We will write a custom essay sample on Witness Key Scene Analysis or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This is effective in making the scene more intimate and reflecting to the audience. Barn Raising Scene The scene opens with a focus on the Amish coming through with their equipment. This represents cohesiveness. Wondrous music is played within the scene. Middle angle shots are used when barn wall is raised. A low angle shot at the barn establishes the brilliance of the work. Singing and panning shot also show this brilliance and also adds a wondrous tone to the scene. Scene establishes that Daniel views Book as a rival for Rachel’s affection through facial expressions, judging stares and jokes at Book’s expense. It is also shown that the other Amish people suspect a relationship between Book and Rachel. This is done by showing the others staring at the two with judging facial expressions. Close ups and cut shots emphasise this. The other women talk to Rachel saying â€Å"everyone’s talking about you and Book† in judging tones. Rachel’s Shower Scene Rachel is a member of the Amish community while Book is an outsider. Through placing Rachel inside and Book outside, their roles are represented within the Amish community. It also represents a barrier between them. Each subsequent shot during the scene shows a close up of Rachel and Book’s faces. By sequencing each shot and showing both of them, tension builds, as Book sees Rachel in a state of undress. The tension within the scene peeks as a medium shot is shown with Rachel’s breasts exposed. Eventually, Book breaks the gaze between the two of them as he realises what it would do to Rachel’s standing within the community if she engaged in a relationship with him. This scene establishes Rachel as the pursuer in the relationship, rather than the pursued, which is traditionally the women’s role in film. Reversing the roles engages the audience as it show them something new, and not regurlarly done within film

Thursday, March 26, 2020

A Robust Misunderstanding of the American Dream free essay sample

Ronald Regan once professed, â€Å"The American dream is that every man must be free to become whatever God intends him to become.† Under this idea of the American dream, opportunities prove boundless. Every American has the freedom to explore any of his individual passions with the feasible probability of material comfort. In its essence, the American dream is a profound concept, as it provided the foremost illustration of equal-opportunity in our modern world. The Roaring Twenties, however, tested the waters of this idealistic notion of self-prompted prosperity. With its lavish parties and cultural decadence, the Jazz Era exemplified the deficiency of integrity among upper-class citizens. The American dream had become skewed by self-gratification and indolence, rather than the complete expression of hard work in order to overcome disadvantaged odds and achieve success. A keen observer of such distorted values, F. Scott Fitzgerald constructed the novel The Great Gatsby with e fforts to shed light on his observations. We will write a custom essay sample on A Robust Misunderstanding of the American Dream or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Despite the novel’s widespread popularity and literary acclaim, some critics did not care for the novel. At any rate, Fitzgerald intended to write a novel to highlight the lopsided sense of morality among the upper-class members of society. Gatsby’s obsession with unimportant objects, like money and material luxuries, demonstrates his lack of morality as a wealthy character of the Jazz Age (â€Å"F. Scott Fizgerald’s True Purpose for Jay Gatsby†).As a symbolic paradigm of his lack of ethics, Gatsby dies an obscenely prosperous member of society, but without love, happiness, or family.Due to the fact that he never established proper moral principles, he became obsessed with capital and self-love throughout the course of his life.This overabundance of self-focus becomes fully manifested in the fact that hardly anyone shows up to his funeral.Ultimately, Fitzgerald wanted to show that money does not outweigh integrity in terms of importance, and he follows accordingly through Gatsby’s love of self and elaborate indulgences. Likewise, the manner by which Gatsby acquires his wealth reveals the author’s assessment of the vast exploitation of the American dream during the Roaring Twenties (â€Å"F. Scott Fitzgerald and the American Dream†).Jay Gatsby makes a living through his business with Meyer Wolfsheim, a powerful black-market criminal and an illustrious bootlegger.When Gatsby introduces Nick Carraway to Meyer Wolfsheim, Wolfsheim says, â€Å"I understand you’re looking for a business gonnegtion† (Fitzgerald 42).Nick Carraway, the only consistently honest character throughout the whole novel, politely declines to get into business with Wolfsheim.This single moment provides a glimpse into the window of the author’s purpose. Nick Carraway, the character that represents decency and moral respectability, refuses to become rich through illegal activities. He chooses, rather, to follow the American Dream in the traditional sense, and keep his well-earned occupation. Essenti ally, through the character of Gatsby, the author intends to rebuke the common misapplication of the American dream. In The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald effectively portrays the ills of the affluent class in the Jazz Age.With the end of World War I, a new wave of young-adults was introduced to the distinctive side-effects of a war-torn generation (â€Å"Jazz Age Influence in The Great Gatsby†).Flapper culture began to set its course and became an advancement for women’s rights.Jazz music became increasingly popular, progressively influencing popular culture as a whole. While these boisterous times seemed exciting through an immediate lens, the broader picture was met by a clashing sense of debasement and corruption.The prohibition of alcohol gave rise to widespread bootlegging and other illegal activities (â€Å"The Roaring Twenties†).Many of these defining characteristics of the Roaring Twenties and the Jazz Era are strongly reflected in The Great Gatsby.The novel’s portrayal of Gatsby’s extravagant parties, the bootlegging scene, and the fancy automobiles on the 19 20’s all stem from the author’s witness of the culture.In general, members of the well-heeled estate began to disrupt the integrity of the American Dream. The author’s background provides the novel with a framework for many characters.For one, Fitzgerald’s experience proves revealingly outward within the character of Jay Gatsby (â€Å"Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald: Artist, Dancer and Wife†).Jay Gatsby serves in the military, briefly attends a prestigious university, and eventually drops out.Though the sequence of events occurred in a different order, F. Scott Fitzgerald did all of the previously-mentioned undertakings. Additionally, the character of Daisy Buchanan symbolizes the author’s real-life love interest, Zelda Sayre. Initially, Zelda Sayre broke off her engagement with F. Scott Fitzgerald due to his lack of affluence. Fitzgerald worked tirelessly to produce a novel, This Side of Paradise, in order to acquire enough wealth to earn the affection of Zelda Sayre.In a similar fashion, Daisy Buchanan could not marry Gatsby, because he lacked wealth and material possessions. A little more romanticized than the au thor’s life, Gatsby devotes the rest of his life to attain enough fortune to earn the love of Daisy Buchanan. These obvious parallels of the author’s real-life experiences help the readers to contextualize the fullness of the novel. While Fitzgerald’s novel was almost universally appraised, not all critics took a liking to The Great Gatsby. In 1925, H.L. Mencken wrote a review in The Chicago Tribune, where he belittles the novel (â€Å"H.L. Menckens 1925 review of The Great Gatsby†). Mencken, an avid fan of Fitzgerald’s This Side of Paradise, disliked The Great Gatsby’s so-called lack of meaning. He claims that the novel merely tells a suspenseful story without any deeper substance for the readers to ponder, â€Å"Scott Fitzgeralds new novel, The Great Gatsby is in form no more than a glorified anecdote, and not too probable at that† (Mencken). While this review stands merely as a reference, the novel received praise from most literary critics. Altogether, Fitzgerald sought to write a novel in order underline the skewed sense of morality among the upper-class members of society. Jay Gatsby’s obsession with insignificant material items determines his lack of morality as a wealthy character of the Jazz Age. The illegal manner by which Gatsby acquires his wealth reveals the author’s critique of the systemic manipulation of the American dream during the Roaring Twenties. In addition, Fitzgerald effectively portrays the ills of the affluent class in the Jazz Age. Lastly, the author’s background provides the novel with a framework for many characters. Despite the upper-class’ frequent misinterpretation of the American dream, self-prompted success is still alive and well for those who desire it.

Friday, March 6, 2020

Probabilities for Rolling Three Dice

Probabilities for Rolling Three Dice Dice provide great illustrations for concepts in probability. The most commonly used dice are cubes with six sides. Here, we will see how to calculate probabilities for rolling three standard dice. It is a relatively standard problem to calculate the probability of the sum obtained by rolling two dice. There are a total of 36 different rolls with two dice, with any sum from 2 to 12 possible. How does the problem change if we add more dice? Possible Outcomes and Sums Just as one die has six outcomes and two dice have 62 36 outcomes, the probability experiment of rolling three dice has 63 216 outcomes. This idea generalizes further for more dice. If we roll n dice then there are 6n outcomes. We can also consider the possible sums from rolling several dice. The smallest possible sum occurs when all of the dice are the smallest, or one each. This gives a sum of three when we are rolling three dice. The greatest number on a die is six, which means that the greatest possible sum occurs when all three dice are sixes. The sum of this situation is 18. When n dice are rolled, the least possible sum is n and the greatest possible sum is 6n. There is one possible way three dice can total 33 ways for 46 for 510 for 615 for 721 for 825 for 927 for 1027 for 1125 for 1221 for 1315 for 1410 for 156 for 163 for 171 for 18 Forming Sums As discussed above, for three dice the possible sums include every number from three to 18. The probabilities can be calculated by using counting strategies and recognizing that we are looking for ways to partition a number into exactly three whole numbers. For example, the only way to obtain a sum of three is 3 1 1 1. Since each die is independent from the others, a sum such as four can be obtained in three different ways: 1 1 21 2 12 1 1 Further counting arguments can be used to find the number of ways of forming the other sums. The partitions for each sum follow: 3 1 1 14 1 1 25 1 1 3 2 2 16 1 1 4 1 2 3 2 2 27 1 1 5 2 2 3 3 3 1 1 2 48 1 1 6 2 3 3 4 3 1 1 2 5 2 2 49 6 2 1 4 3 2 3 3 3 2 2 5 1 3 5 1 4 410 6 3 1 6 2 2 5 3 2 4 4 2 4 3 3 1 4 511 6 4 1 1 5 5 5 4 2 3 3 5 4 3 4 6 3 212 6 5 1 4 3 5 4 4 4 5 2 5 6 4 2 6 3 313 6 6 1 5 4 4 3 4 6 6 5 2 5 5 314 6 6 2 5 5 4 4 4 6 6 5 315 6 6 3 6 5 4 5 5 516 6 6 4 5 5 617 6 6 518 6 6 6 When three different numbers form the partition, such as 7 1 2 4, there are 3!  (3x2x1) different ways of permuting these numbers. So this would count toward three outcomes in the sample space. When two different numbers form the partition, then there are three different ways of permuting these numbers. Specific Probabilities We divide the total number of ways to obtain each sum by the total number of outcomes in the sample space, or 216. The results are: Probability of a sum of 3: 1/216 0.5%Probability of a sum of 4: 3/216 1.4%Probability of a sum of 5: 6/216 2.8%Probability of a sum of 6: 10/216 4.6%Probability of a sum of 7: 15/216 7.0%Probability of a sum of 8: 21/216 9.7%Probability of a sum of 9: 25/216 11.6%Probability of a sum of 10: 27/216 12.5%Probability of a sum of 11: 27/216 12.5%Probability of a sum of 12: 25/216 11.6%Probability of a sum of 13: 21/216 9.7%Probability of a sum of 14: 15/216 7.0%Probability of a sum of 15: 10/216 4.6%Probability of a sum of 16: 6/216 2.8%Probability of a sum of 17: 3/216 1.4%Probability of a sum of 18: 1/216 0.5% As can be seen, the extreme values of 3 and 18 are least probable. The sums that are exactly in the middle are the most probable. This corresponds to what was observed when two dice were rolled.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

2 page biography of Jeremy Bentham and his contribution to the study Essay

2 page biography of Jeremy Bentham and his contribution to the study of Ethics - Essay Example Bentham was a great activist who advocated political and economic freedom. He pioneered various political movements that lobbied for the abolition of slavery, legal use of the death penalty, and physical punishment. Political radical ideas advanced by Bentham lobbied for separation of church systems from the state, freedom of expression for all citizens, divorce rights, gender equity, and animal rights. However, Bentham opposed natural rights and law but favored individual legal rights for all citizens (Becker and Becker 137). Bentham mentored several students during his time as a teacher and researcher. Some of Bentham’s great students included James Mill, James Stuart Mill, James Austin, and Robert Owen. His students also developed into great theorists for instance; Robert Owen become the founder of Utopian socialism while John Austin remained as the famous legal philosopher. Bentham, who attended Westminster school at the tender age of 12 in 1760, existed as a child prodigy. He started studying Latin at the age of three and preferred reading England history books. Bentham, who was the brother to Samuel Bentham, completed his Bachelor’s degree at Queen’s college in 1763. Bentham obtained his master’s degree in 1766 at Queen’s college. He practiced law in college though he never represented persons in courts of law. He reportedly hated English legal code and named it ‘Demon of Chicane’. Bentham loved chemistry and spent most of his time conducting chemical experiments and speculating theories relating to legal abuses. His interest in chemistry angered his father who knew that he would develop into a renowned intelligent lord chancellor amongst English courts of law. Due to great interest in sciences, Jeremy Bentham pursued physical science studies and started research on suppositions that had a relationship with politics and law. Research on suppositions related to law and politics